Study looks at uveitis due to Lyme disease

Uveitis, or inflammatory eye disease that produces swelling and destroys tissue, remains an uncommon but serious complication of Lyme disease. In the British Medical Journal, Bernard and colleagues from Croix Rousse University Hospital, Lyon, France, describe seven cases of Lyme-associated uveitis. [1]

 

by Daniel J. Cameron, MD, MPH

The retrospective study included 430 patients with uveitis who were referred to the hospital between 2003 and 2016. Seven patients were found to have Lyme-associated uveitis. Six of these individuals had reported walking in the forest previously and two recalled a tick bite.

One patient had a history of an erythema migrans (EM) rash. Three developed arthritis and one, a borrelial lymphocytoma. Two of the seven had lymphocytic meningitis. The PCR (polymerase chain reaction) was negative in spinal taps for the seven patients and four were negative by ocular testing. [1]

According to Bernard, all seven cases of Lyme-associated uveitis were resistant to cortisone alone, whether it was given orally or as topic and subconjunctival injections. However, all of the individuals did respond rapidly to antibiotics. Six people were treated with intravenous ceftriaxone, 1 or 2 g/day for 3 to 4 weeks, and one with oral doxycycline for 4 weeks.

An additional five uveitis patients tested positive for Lyme disease but were not classified as having the disease. Three of them responded to steroids alone. One failed ceftriaxone treatment, and one was inactive. [1] Another 25 uveitis patients with positive serologic tests for Lyme disease were classified as having other conditions. Forty percent of these patients suffered from sarcoidosis.

The authors suggest that for patients with unexplained uveitis, the use of serologic testing should always be “guided by an exposure history, systemic findings suggestive of Lyme disease and steroids resistance.” [1]

 

Related articles:

Eye problems in tick-borne diseases other than Lyme 

Growing list of eye problems in Lyme disease

 

References:

  1. Bernard A, Kodjikian L, Abukhashabh A, et al. Diagnosis of Lyme-associated uveitis: value of serological testing in a tertiary centre. Br J Ophthalmol. 2017.

 


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