Chronic Lyme disease patients want to be treated, not ‘managed’ by physicians

Over the past month, a series of articles, focusing on multiple aspects of Lyme disease, from pediatric Lyme to chronic Lyme to life after Lyme, have been published in the May and June issues of Infectious Disease Clinics of North America and Clinical Infectious Diseases. The articles echo messages that, for the most part, minimize a disease that impacts hundreds of thousands of people each year -- many of whom are children.

Chronic Lyme disease patients want to be treated, not ‘managed’ by physicians“Minds are like parachutes. They only function when open.” This particular quote by Thomas Dewar came to mind after reading an article, Chronic Lyme Disease (1) in the June issue of Infectious Disease Clinics of North America.

In it, the author writes, “the scientific community has largely rejected chronic, treatment-refractory Borrelia burgdorferi infection.” This is based on “the failure to detect cultivatable, clinically relevant organisms after standard treatment.”

The intention of the Chronic Lyme Disease article is evident — convince readers that chronic Lyme disease does not exist, and that antibiotics prescribed for more than 14- to 28-days are of no benefit and most patients have no lingering symptoms.

It is particularly troublesome that the author, Paul Lantos, MD, a Duke University Medical Center researcher, is co-chair on a panel responsible for updating the Infectious Disease Society of America’s (IDSA) treatment guidelines for Lyme disease. Dr. Lantos holds a position not to be taken lightly. The IDSA recommendations will determine, for the most part, the types of treatment patients diagnosed with Lyme disease will receive.

Additionally, Dr. Lantos includes a section entitled, “Clinical Approach to Patients with Chronic Lyme Disease Diagnosis,” in which he offers suggestions to physicians on how to ‘manage’ patients complaining they have chronic Lyme disease. Recommendations include listening patiently during the consultation and then explaining to the patient why their symptoms are not related to Lyme disease.

“…a certain amount of time must be spent reviewing past experiences and past laboratory tests … then explaining why Lyme disease may not account for their illnesses.”

“Even if chronic Lyme disease lacks biological legitimacy, its importance as a phenomenon can be monumental to the individual patient,” says Lantos. “Many have undergone frustrating, expensive, and ultimately fruitless medical evaluations. And many have become quite disaffected with a medical system that has failed to provide answers.”

Managing patients, who insist they have chronic Lyme disease can be challenging, he warns. This subset of patients can have “great variation in their ‘commitment’ to a chronic Lyme disease diagnosis. Some patients are entirely convinced they have chronic Lyme disease, they request specific types of therapy, and they are not interested in adjudicating the chronic Lyme disease diagnosis.”

Should a clinician have a patient who believes they have chronic Lyme disease, there are several ways to manage the evaluation, he explains. First, “the physician needs to suppress preconceptions or biases about such patients.”

Second, “the process of clinical information gathering in medicine … is no different in the context of chronic Lyme disease. Even if much discussion is centered on chronic Lyme disease.”

And, lastly, “it is of utmost importance to not seem to be impatient, dismissive, or rushed. Many patients who seek care for chronic Lyme disease already have accumulated frustration. … Each patient’s clinical story and personal history is unique and valid, even if one concludes that they do not have Lyme disease.”

For the patients who do remain chronically symptomatic, Dr. Lantos explains, there has been “little evidence of active infection, and their symptoms do not respond to antibiotics any better than to placebo.”

When dealing with complex, chronic illnesses, physicians need to develop a trusting and understanding relationship with their patients. It is impossible for a clinician to provide the highest level of care to their patients, which includes a thorough evaluation, if they enter into the doctor-patient relationship with preconceived notions, not only about an extremely complex disease but about the patient who is reporting the symptoms, which are often subjective.

Should the patient not have any of the three objective signs of Lyme disease — the bulls-eye rash, swollen knee and/or Bell’s Palsy, identifying the infection is dependent on a strong evaluation. Patients want physicians to provide effective treatments. They don’t want to be ‘managed.’

It is time for a new narrative. One that recognizes the complexity of the Lyme spirochete and acknowledges the ineffective simplicity of the ‘one-size fits all’ treatment approach.


  1. Lantos PM. Chronic Lyme Disease. Infect Dis Clin North Am, 29(2), 325-340 (2015).

8 Replies to "Chronic Lyme disease patients want to be treated, not 'managed' by physicians"

  • Jennifer
    05/26/2018 (4:11 pm)

    I know it has been years since these posts were written, and my post has e nothing to do with Lyme Disease. My husband was treated at Duke this past week for a recurring kidney infection and was assigned Dr. Lantos. This doctor was the most condescending we have ever experienced. After telling my husband he detected a heart murmur, he discharged him the next day, and “forgot” that he had ordered additional testing for his heart. Thank goodness the nurse mentioned it.

  • Doctors and Rehab for Chronic Lyme Disease - Lyme Reality
    07/17/2016 (3:19 pm)

    […] Should the patient not have any of the three objective signs of Lyme disease — the bulls-eye rash, swollen knee and/or Bell’s Palsy, identifying the infection is dependent on a strong evaluation. Patients want physicians to provide effective treatments. They don’t want to be ‘managed.’ – via Daniel Cameron MD […]

  • bettyg
    07/09/2015 (9:05 am)

    Dr. Cameron, I couldn’t agree more with what you state above. Reading Lantos’ statements made me so mad … get their trust and then tell them chronic lyme disease DOESN’T EXIST. grrrr.

    Thanks for writing the above.

    Bettyg, Iowa lyme activist 11 yrs.
    46.5 yrs. chronic lyme
    35 yrs. MISDIAGNOSED by 40-50 drs. UNACCEPTABLE!

  • Nancy Wilson
    07/07/2015 (12:39 pm)

    I just sit back and take care of myself the best I can. After 3 years of intensive reading I am in tuned with my body. The best thing that ever happened to me is to be laid of this past March. I had a very intense job and was unable to do it successfully. My saying is: “wait long enough until somebody important (the president or his family) end up with Chronic Lyme – you will see a big difference on how the medical field looks at things. I recently had a MRI and found that the Lyme is NOT yet in my brain, thankfully. But going undiagnosed for a long time is taking its toll on me and nobody believes it. Sad that I don’t talk about it, nobody gets it. Hoping for a day that some big wig gets the disease, then and only then will the CDC allow physicians to correctly serve the patient.

    • Deborah
      02/17/2023 (9:07 am)

      Mri will show white spots more like ms. You need a pet scan to show hypertension. I was relieved to discover my memory late stage Lyme was objectively in my brain.

      • Dr. Daniel Cameron
        02/19/2023 (9:37 am)

        White spots on a MRI can be from so many things. Sometimes the whites spots have no cause.

  • David R Thomas
    07/06/2015 (12:17 pm)

    Thank you Dr. Cameron for Updating us with this development. Duke University Dr. Lantos, who obviously does not experience and witness the devastation and loss of the Lyme community. It is a sorry day that a panel member of our IDSA medical guidelines writers can be so out of touch with the world. Lyme has proven it’s existence beyond the laboratory and I would also like to better understand Duke Universities Mr. Lantos’s true motives for his lack of concern for the Lyme community.

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