Lyme Science Blog

Lyme Science Blog

Lyme Science Blog

Lyme disease caused by Borrelia mayonii

Since the species was first identified 7 years ago, there have been only 7 reported cases of Lyme disease caused by Borrelia mayonii. In Open Forum Infectious Diseases Correspondence, McGowan and colleagues describe the recent case of a Borrelia mayonii infection in a 51-year-old man from northern Minnesota. The case is featured in a Letter […]

Lyme Science Blog

Lyme disease causes cardiac complications

The case involved a 46-year-old man with Lyme disease who presented to the clinic with cardiac complications, which initially manifest as palpitations. The patient lived in a Lyme endemic region and reported that one month earlier, he had a “pinching sensation in his right thigh with an associated macular erythematous rash,” according to the authors. […]

Lyme Science Blog

Case reports: Bartonella associated with psychiatric symptoms

In their 2007 article, “Do Bartonella Infections Cause Agitation, Panic Disorder, and Treatment-Resistant Depression?” Schaller and colleagues describe 3 patients with acute psychiatric symptoms associated with Bartonella-like sign and symptoms.¹ Each of the patients was exposed to ticks or fleas and manifest symptoms consistent with Bartonella, i.e., an enlarged lymph node near an Ixodes tick bite and […]

Lyme Science Blog

Tick bite leads to Rocky Mountain spotted fever

Rocky Mountain spotted fever has primarily been reported in 5 states in the United States, according to the CDC. These include Missouri, Tennessee, Oklahoma, Arkansas, and North Carolina. However, RMSF has been documented in other states, as well. The disease can be transmitted by various ticks depending upon the region. In the eastern U.S., it’s […]

Lyme Science Blog

How effective is combination antibiotic treatment for tick-borne infections?

In their article “A Longitudinal Study of a Large Clinical Cohort of Patients with Lyme Disease and Tick-Borne Co-Infections Treated with Combination Antibiotics” Xi and colleagues looked at 140 individuals who tested positive for tick-borne infections (TBI) with 33% of those patients infected with multiple TBIs.¹ The authors found that out of the 140 participants: […]

Lyme Science Blog

Anaplasmosis associated with cardiac complications

Over the last several years, there has been a three-fold increase in the number of anaplasmosis cases in the United States. The tick-borne illness can be transmitted through the bite of an infected blacklegged (deer) tick and causes flu-like symptoms, similar to those seen in Lyme disease. Anaplasmosis has only rarely been associated with cardiac […]

Lyme Science Blog

Acute Lyme disease causes complete heart block

“A suspected case of Lyme disease causing complete heart block,” by Isha and colleagues describes a unique case of Lyme carditis in a 21-year-old man, in which symptoms emerged early on in the disease. “Although such manifestations occur late, our case report describes an interesting case where the patient developed a complete heart block in […]

Lyme Science Blog

Lyme neuroborreliosis mimics Guillain-Barré Syndrome

In this case report, the authors describe a 33-year-old man with Lyme neuroborreliosis, who was initially diagnosed with Guillain-Barré Syndrome based on his clinical, radiographic and neurodiagnostic test results. Guillain-Barré Syndrome “can range from a very mild case with brief weakness to nearly devastating paralysis, leaving you unable to breathe independently.”1 GBS typically develops after […]

Lyme Science Blog

Borrelia burgdorferi causes prosthetic joint infection

The 68-year-old woman presented to the orthopedic clinic with pain and swelling in her right knee, which had been ongoing for 2 weeks. Eight years earlier, she had a total knee replacement but lived pain free following the surgery. One month prior to her knee pain, the patient had been treated with steroids for pain […]

Lyme Science Blog

Anaplasma phagocytophilum infection triggers encephalitis

Anaplasmosis is a tick-borne disease caused by the bacterium Anaplasma phagocytophilum. Symptoms typically start 1 to 2 weeks after a tick bite. And while some patients may be asymptomatic, others can experience life-threatening complications, including encephalitis. In fact, the mortality rate is higher in patients who do not immediately receive doxycycline treatment, who are immunocompromised […]

Lyme Science Blog

Autism (ASD) symptoms improve following treatment for Lyme disease

“Case report: Substantial improvement of autism spectrum disorder in a child with learning disabilities in conjunction with treatment for poly-microbial vector borne infections,” by Drs. Offutt and Breitschwerdt describes the case of an adolescent diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder, who had cognitive and neuropsychiatric symptoms which improved following treatment for Lyme disease and Bartonella.¹ The […]

Lyme Science Blog

4 cases of Powassan virus encephalitis

Powassan virus (POWV) can cause severe disease, including infection of the brain (encephalitis) or infection of the membranes around the brain and spinal cord (meningitis). Symptoms may include confusion, loss of coordination, difficulty speaking, and seizures. An estimated 1 out of 10 people with POWV encephalitis or POWV meningitis will die from the disease, according […]

Lyme Science Blog

Pregnancy, breast feeding and Lyme

Welcome to another selection from my book “An Expert’s Guide on Navigating Lyme disease.” The book highlights the findings of my first 600 Lyme disease Science blogs.  In this episode, I will discuss pregnancy, breast feeding, and Lyme disease. Pregnancy and breast feeding are particularly concerning topics for Lyme disease patients and their doctors. Here […]

Lyme Science Blog

Severe anaplasmosis leads to multi-organ complications

In their case report “Severe Anaplasmosis With Multiorgan Involvement in a Rheumatoid Arthritis Patient,” Aydin et al. describe a 66-year-old woman, residing in Connecticut, who was admitted to the emergency department with confusion and lethargy. The patient was disoriented and had been experiencing fever, chills, generalized weakness, and poor appetite over the past 2 days. […]

Lyme Science Blog

Altered mental status due to Lyme disease

An 84-year-old man was admitted to the hospital due to an altered mental status. He had a history of stroke and mild to moderate dementia. According to his wife, he had been having hallucinations 3 to 4 days prior to his hospitalization. And although he suffered from dementia, his symptoms had recently worsened. Four weeks […]