Autonomic dysfunction, small fiber neuropathy and Lyme disease

A new study published in PLoS ONE by Novak and colleagues suggests that small fiber neuropathy (SFN) may be a viable biomarker of post-treatment Lyme disease syndrome (PTLDS), particularly for patients whose main symptoms involve sensory issues.

The retrospective study included 10 patients diagnosed with post-treatment Lyme disease syndrome, who had autonomic testing performed between 2016 and 2018 at the Brigham and Women’s Faulkner Hospital Autonomic laboratory. [1]

The authors aimed to identify SFN as a possible biomarker of “PTLDS,” in addition to evaluating autonomic dysfunction associated with presumed small fiber neuropathy and assessing cerebral blood flow, since cognitive complaints may be due to cerebral hypoperfusion.

Novak and colleagues defined “PTLDS” using the Aucott’s criteria, which states that patients must have:

  1. A combination of fatigue, cognitive complaints and chronic widespread pain following the treatment of Lyme disease for at least a 6-months period;
  2. An absence of other disorders that can explain the complaints associated with “PTLDS”;
  3. A documented history of Lyme disease satisfying the CDC criteria.

Their 10 patients presented with a broad range of symptoms. The most common included lightheadedness (n=8), dry mouth or dry eyes (n=8), pale or blue feet (n=6), feet colder than the rest of the body (n=6), decreased sweating at feet at rest (n=5), and decreased sweating at feet after exercise or during hot weather (n=5).

post treatment lyme disease syndrome, chronic Lyme disease, chart, sensory disorder, autonomic dysfunction

Symptoms reported by study participants. (Click on image to enlarge.)

Pain was frequently reported and described as: aching pain (n=10), numbness (n=8), prickling sensation (n=8), burning pain (8), lancinating pain (6), and allodynia (n=6). (Allodynia refers to central pain sensitization following a normally non-painful stimulation.)

Less common symptoms were: sweating increased at hands (n=3), nausea, vomiting, or bloating after meal (n=2), persistent diarrhea (n=4), leaking of urine (n=3), persistent constipation (n=2), and difficulty in erection (n=1).

All of the subjects had previously undergone routine autonomic testing. Novak and colleagues performed skin biopsies from the right calf using a 3-mm circular disposable punch tool.

They found that more than 50% (7 out of 10) of patients had a low cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFv) from their middle cerebral artery. This was determined using a Transcranial Doppler. The study was not designed to determine if the low CBFv contributed to the cognitive impairment in those 7 patients.

All of the patients had a loss of small fibers, along with autonomic dysfunction and abnormal cerebral blood flow.

[bctt tweet=”Sensory symptoms and pain reported by some patients with ongoing Lyme disease symptoms may be caused by small fiber neuropathy and a low cerebral blood volume, according to the authors of a new study.” username=”DrDanielCameron”]

According to Novak, the sensory symptoms and pain reported by their patients may have been caused by small fiber neuropathy and low cerebral blood volume. “SFN appears to be associated with ‘PTLDS’ and may be responsible for certain sensory symptoms,” the authors write. “Dysautonomia related to SFN and abnormal CBFv also seem to be linked to ‘PTLDS’.”

Therefore, “Our study indicates that SFN may be an objective marker of ‘PTLDS’, at least in patients with prominent sensory symptoms,” Novak writes.

The study was not designed to address treatment. The authors assumed the patients did not have a persistent infection.

Editor’s note: I have been reluctant to use the term “PTLDS” until there is a reliable test to rule out a persistent infection.

  1. Novak P, Felsenstein D, Mao C, Octavien NR, Zubcevik N (2019) Association of small fiber neuropathy and post treatment Lyme disease syndrome. PLoS ONE 14(2): e0212222.

29 Replies to "Autonomic dysfunction, small fiber neuropathy and Lyme disease"

  • Janet Kennedy
    02/26/2024 (1:33 am)

    Is Lyme disease associated with Eczema?

  • William Justin
    11/02/2023 (7:06 pm)

    Please send me the web addresses for any studies And/Or antidotal information from doctors or researchers on Small Fiber Neuropathy AND Chronic aka Post Treatment Lyme Disease?

    Thank you for your time and consideration.

    DA Vietnam Veteran

    Any links to articles or audio/videos on agent orange and SFN would be appreciated? Please keep my information private.

  • Ellen Marshall
    08/05/2021 (7:46 am)

    How do I find treatment as thorough as you do here in Ohio? Or should I travel in these Covid Times?
    My Hudson Valley tick bite with EM 26 years ago, misdiagnosed as bipolar illness. IGenX positive for bartonella at year 21 and some, but not enough bands for burgdorfi through care with a naturopath. Bartonella Sjgroens, POTS, neuropathy, neurological are all taking their course, despite continued nutritional and herbal anti viral support.

    I am so tired of trying to get adequate antibiotic treatment again, having to put up with the MDs who are in need of continuing education on this. I could even help design the curriculum and train the trainers if I wasn’t so darn sick and tired of being so sick and tired. And the neuropathy is making it difficult to play my fiddle!

    • Dr. Daniel Cameron
      08/05/2021 (8:07 am)

      I would keep looking. It is always better if you find someone in your area to facilitate treatment if needed. I always advise my patients to include other specialists at the same time for POTS and neuropathy to avoid missing another diagnosis.

  • Veronica
    04/07/2021 (10:57 am)

    Do you think babesia only could cause sfn?

    • Dr. Daniel Cameron
      04/07/2021 (7:45 pm)

      I have had patients with small fiber neuropathy (SFN) that have improved with treatment for Babesia.

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