Researchers at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine recently conducted a study to investigate the potential association between post-treatment Lyme disease syndrome (PTLDS) and immune mediator levels during the acute phase of illness.
Children make up an estimated 25% of all Lyme disease cases in the U.S., according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The highest number of reported cases occurs among boys ages 5 to 9 years old. [1, 2] Despite the oft-made recommendation for tick checks, the number of children and adolescents developing Lyme disease continues to rise.
Now, a new study, published in Vector Borne Zoonotic Diseases, looks at the incidence of tick bites among various age groups and the associated risk of exposure to tick-borne diseases.
In 2013, a 16-year-old high school student from Braintree, Massachusetts wondered how long it would take to actually kill a tick in a dryer. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) had long insisted that it took at least one hour on high heat in a dryer to successfully kill ticks. But their recommendation was only based on one published study.
There are doctors who do not treat Lyme disease (LD) longer than three weeks. Patients who remain ill are informed that they suffer from Post-Treatment Lyme Disease Syndrome (PTLDS). PTLDS is described as: "persistent symptoms, defined by either fatigue, musculoskeletal pain in at least three areas of the body, and/or cognitive complaints of difficulty finding words, focusing, concentrating or memory impairment and functional impairment on a Short Form (36) Health Survey (SF-36)." 
Sweats have been reported in patients with Babesia.  This finding is no surprise given that Babesia is related to Malaria, a vector-borne disease, well-known to cause sweats. Nearly half (46%) of the patients in a New England study, who presented with a combination of Babesia and Lyme disease (LD), reported having sweats. 
A recently published case report entitled, "First case of Lyme arthritis involving a prosthetic knee joint," describes what the authors believe is the "first patient with late Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto arthritis-related prosthetic joint infection. They suggest "the case highlights how early, prompt diagnosis and adequate antimicrobial therapy may obviate the need for additional aggressive orthopedic surgical intervention."
Researchers have struggled to understand why 1 out of 3 Lyme disease (LD) patients remain ill on follow-up despite treatment. [1-3] Strain virulence, [4-11] treatment delays, [12-14] exposure to steroids, [12,15] and the presence of co-infections  have all been implicated as possible reasons for treatment failures.
Ticks capable of transmitting the bacteria which causes Lyme disease (LD) are now present in almost half of all the counties in the continental United States. Blacklegged (or deer) ticks have been found in 1,420 of the 3,110 counties in the U.S. (or about 46%), according to researchers from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). 
The cost of Lyme Disease (LD) can be significant for patients with acute LD. The average cost of early LD was $1,310 based on data collected between 1997 and 2000 from patients living in five counties along the eastern shore of Maryland -- an area endemic for LD. 
Scientists seemed to have opened Pandora’s box with the discovery of Lyme disease. We now know ticks were present millions of years ago and that Borrelia spirochete have been infecting humans for thousands of years.