5 things to know about Lyme carditis

Although most people associate Lyme disease with fatigue, joint and muscle pain, fevers and other flu-like symptoms, the illness can also cause serious, debilitating and sometimes, life-threatening symptoms that impact the brain, the lungs and even the heart. The authors of a recent case series, describe "5 things to know about Lyme carditis" to help prevent unnecessary implantation of pacemakers.

 

Lyme carditis occurs when Lyme spirochete enter the tissues of the heart, causing blockage. Symptoms, which may include lightheadedness, fainting, shortness of breath, heart palpitations, or chest pain, can begin as early as one week after a tick bite. A high-degree atrioventricular block can lead to the need for a permanent pacemaker or in some cases, death.

In the American Journal of Cardiology, Wan, from Queen’s University in Ontario, Canada, lists “5 things to know about Lyme carditis and atrioventricular block.” [1] Having an awareness of these, Wan says, may help prevent pacemakers from unnecessarily being implanted in patients with heart problems caused by Lyme disease.

Lyme carditis occurs when Borrelia burgdorferi, the agent causing Lyme disease, infiltrates the heart tissue.

The listing follows an article published earlier by Wan and colleagues in which they describe five cases of Lyme carditis with high-degree atrioventricular block. The patients were all admitted to Kingston General Hospital in Ontario, Canada. [2]

“5 things to know about Lyme carditis”

  1. Lyme carditis can be an early manifestation of Lyme disease.
  2. Lyme carditis should be considered when younger patients present with severe conduction abnormalities.
  3. Atrial ventricular block in Lyme carditis can progress rapidly and be fatal.
  4. Early treatment with antibiotics may prevent irreversible conduction disease in Lyme carditis.
  5. Before considering implantation of a permanent pacemaker, clinicians should wait for a response to antibiotic treatment for atrioventricular block requiring temporary pacing.

If these points had been considered by the clinicians, 2 of the 5 patients with Lyme carditis may have avoided having a temporary pacemaker implanted. “Temporary pacing was indicated according to hemodynamic tolerance to bradycardias,” explains Wan. [2] Fortunately, none of the patients required a permanent pacemaker.

In addition, treatment delays may have been avoided for 3 of the 5 patients. “The majority of patients (3 out of 5) visited the emergency room multiple times before they were correctly diagnosed,” Wan explains. “Two patients were diagnosed on their second visit. One was recognized on their fourth visit.” [2] 5 things clinicians should know about Lyme carditis. Click To Tweet

Treatment delays may have been avoided if the doctors had made a clinical diagnosis of Lyme carditis in the absence of a tick bite or rash. Only 3 patients remembered a tick bite, and only 1 out of the 5 had an erythema migrans (EM) rash.

All of the patients presented with classic symptoms of Lyme disease including fatigue, fever, headache, neck stiffness, flu-like symptoms, nausea, arthralgia, and/or myalgia.

Clinicians treating children should also be aware of these key points, as 2 of the 5 Lyme carditis cases reviewed by Wan and colleagues involved a 14-year-old and 19-year-old adolescent.

 

Related Articles:

Another cardiac manifestation of Lyme myocarditis

When Lyme disease mimics a heart attack

Lyme carditis causes complete heart block in 26-year-old man

 

References:

  1. Wan D, Baranchuk A. Lyme carditis and atrioventricular block. Cmaj. 2018;190(20):E622.
  2. Wan D, Blakely C, Branscombe P, Suarez-Fuster L, Glover B, Baranchuk A. Lyme Carditis and High-Degree Atrioventricular Block. Am J Cardiol. 2018.

 

 


6
Be Part Of The Conversation

avatar
4 Comment threads
2 Thread replies
0 Followers
 
Most reacted comment
Hottest comment thread
6 Comment authors
Dr. Daniel CameronAmanda GreenEileen DonahughRenata chapmanJess Bontrager Recent comment authors
  Subscribe  
newest oldest most voted
Notify of
Amanda Green
Guest
Amanda Green

Same here lots of problems. Basically told it was in my head. Slowly local hospital is learning how to treat me but I am 39. I think after 10 years long term internal organ and brain damage has occurred. The hospital will never admit the dismissed my Lyme suspicions. I am just grateful they finally allowed me the antibiotic that works best for me. However after each “relapse” kinda like MS symptoms it is getting harder to bounce back. Each infection flare up requires more antibiotics and longer hospitalizations. My neurological condition is getting worse and I am getting weaker.… Read more »

Eileen Donahugh
Guest
Eileen Donahugh

Renatta, I live in West Dundee, Illinois and have been fighting this same battle for 10 years. I have yet to find a doctor to treat me. In this day and age most people would not believe your story or what many of us are dealing with. Unless one has lived it they will never know how difficult life can be with this horrible illness that doctors know nothing about. You’re in my prayers, keep me in yours.

Renata chapman
Guest

Oh My Gosh…Im in shock. After years of searching for answers for my daughter..1st diagnosed with Narcolepsy at age 8…and when things started drastically changing for her…more & more symptoms…no one knew what was wrong with her…2 of each Dr endocrinolgist, cardiologists, sleep specialists, pulmonologists, neurologists, neuropsychs, rheumatologists…++++ and Cleveland Clinic….= undiagnosed, its all in your head, no one would believe me..her….and then I found out in a medical report by accident the words munchenhauser by proxy…I cried for days, humiliated, mad and afraid to step foot in another Drs office because now this lie was on the records,,no one… Read more »

Kelly-Anne Bryan, RN
Guest
Kelly-Anne Bryan, RN

Lyme and/or Bartonella may not cause obvious carditis or third degree heart block. A more common occurrence is other arrhythmias in otherwise healthy, young patients (and others). I have witnessed this first hand in ten years of nursing practice on a stroke and chest pain unit in a highly endemic area, as well as in my personal experience with these infections. Many times the cardiologist was not considering an infectious cause. Citing my own experience with Lyme, I could advocate in suspicious cases for testing, and educate doctors on testing limitations. Sometimes these patients would turn up positive, and antibiotics… Read more »

Jess Bontrager
Guest
Jess Bontrager

Kelly-Anne, my Lyme disease is starting to affect my heart as well. I am 44 and was diagnosed 5 years ago. I had years of symptoms and attacks before diagnosis. I have had 2 of my 4 children tested because of sickness in both of them. Both are positive. I would have passed it on to them as well. One of my children was treated extensively but it didn’t help her. What advice would you have to offer me regarding the heart? I need to go see a doctor for it. I live in an area with very little knowledge… Read more »