Probiotics can be priceless in preventing Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea

Probiotics can be priceless in preventing Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea
A recent study examined the effectiveness of probiotics in warding off Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea (CDAD) in both children and adults. Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is the leading cause of antibiotic-associated diarrhea, and the number of cases and its level of severity have increased over the past decade, making it a growing healthcare concern.

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How Lyme myocarditis might present in an adolescent patient

How Lyme myocarditis might present in an adolescent patient
An adolescent girl is admitted to the emergency room with a new onset of chest and abdominal pains. After treatment is initiated, she develops a heart block. Tests for Lyme disease return positive and she is diagnosed with Lyme disease-associated myocarditis.

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Doxycycline not to blame for acute pancreatitis

A recent study examined a probable case of oral doxycycline inducing pancreatitis in a patient initially treated for Lyme disease. However, there have been only two documented cases of doxycycline causing acute pancreatitis. The authors case report of acute pancreatitis was caused by diabetic ketoacidosis.

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Have you been bitten by a partially fed tick?

Have you been bitten by a partially fed tick?
Every spring there are renewed concerns over the threat of Lyme disease and how best to prevent tick bites. This year, concerns are even greater after the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) announced that blacklegged ticks, which can transmit Lyme disease, are now present in almost half of all U.S. counties.

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No commercial diagnostic tests available for emerging tick-borne diseases

No commercial diagnostic tests available for emerging tick-borne diseases
An ever increasing number of tick-borne diseases are emerging that pose a serious threat to public health, and yet there are no diagnostic tests commercially available to most physicians. Patients with these complex diseases are identified only through tests performed by research laboratories. Individuals who are not accurately diagnosed can develop chronic illnesses.

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Study demonstrates further evidence larval ticks may be a threat to humans

In the Netherlands, a significant number of patients with Lyme borreliosis do not recall being bitten by a tick. It is estimated that 1.1 million people in the Netherlands are bitten by one or more ticks annually and that larvae are responsible for 1.3% to 4.2% of those tick bites. The authors of a new study suggest that patients who do not report seeing a tick bite may acquire Lyme borreliosis instead from the bite of a larval tick, given that it is minute in size, easy to overlook and has now been shown to transmit the disease.

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Different response by CDC to spread of Zika virus vs. Lyme disease-carrying ticks

Different response by CDC to spread of Zika virus vs. Lyme disease-carrying ticks
The spread of both vector-borne diseases and the organisms that transmit them has been making international headlines. The mosquito-borne Zika virus continues to spread throughout the Americas, raising worldwide alarm. In the United States, reports indicate black-legged ticks, which can transmit Lyme disease, are rapidly expanding into new geographic regions of the country.

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Cognitive issues following a stroke due to Lyme disease

A recent study examined the relationship between infectious agents and their impact on cognitive decline in older individuals. The authors concluded that exposure to certain viruses would, in fact, result in cognitive deterioration. Clinicians treating Lyme disease patients have expressed concern about cognitive problems developing from an infection with the Borrelia spirochete, as well. Numerous studies have documented cognitive issues in Lyme disease patients years after treatment.

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Limits on antibiotics for Lyme disease leave doctors in Limbo

Limits on antibiotics for Lyme disease leave doctors in Limbo
Physicians have long been advised to stick to a fixed treatment duration when prescribing antibiotics for Lyme disease. But a growing number of clinicians are finding that patients remain sick or experience a new onset of symptoms once treatment ends. Current guidelines recommend a 14- to 28-day course of antibiotics. Yet at least one-third of their patients remain ill years after treatment. [1,2] In turn, clinicians are left in limbo. How do they get their patients better?

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Patients should be warned of Lyme disease complications, including Lyme encephalopathy

Patients should be warned of Lyme disease complications, including Lyme encephalopathy
It came as a surprise to read that physicians at a Lyme disease clinic, located in an endemic region of New York State, have reportedly never seen a patient with Lyme encephalopathy and question whether it exists. The Lyme Disease Diagnostic Center is a walk-in diagnostic, treatment and research facility for adults 18 years and older suspected of having a tick-borne illness. It has been in business for 27 years and is situated in an area where the number of cases of Lyme disease is steadily rising.

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